The Physiologic Status of Low-Birth-Weight Infants Before and After Kangaroo Mother Care Sessions: A Retrospective Study

  • Erika Marie C. Peredo Institute of Pediatrics and Child Health, St. Luke’s Medical Center, Quezon City
  • Maria Esterlita T. Villanueva-Uy Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, University of the Philippines Manila
Keywords: Kangaroo mother care, infant pain profile, thermoregulation, physiologic status

Abstract

Objective. To compare the physiologic status of infants before and after receiving kangaroo mother care (KMC) through assessment of their heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), temperature, oxygen saturation, and pain scores.

Methods. We conducted a retrospective study by chart review of all low-birth weight (LBW) infants enrolled in the KMC program of a tertiary medical center. Significance is defined by lower HR, RR, PIPP score and FLACC scale, and significant increase in temperature and oxygen saturation (within normal range) after 4 hours after each KMC session.

Results. Out of the 46 LBW weight infants enrolled in the KMC program, only 23 infants had complete chart entries. A total of 99 KMC sessions were analyzed. There was no significant difference in the HR (p = 0.331), RR (p = 0.453), oxygen saturation (p = 0.839), and PIPP (p = 0.387)/FLACC (p = 0.13) scores among the LBW infants before and after the KMC session. However, there was a significantly higher axillary temperature (within normal range) four hours after KMC (p = 0.044).

Conclusions. KMC is associated with better thermoregulation even at four hours after the KMC session compared to four hours before. Other physiologic parameters such as heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation and pain scores were similar four hours before and after the KMC session.

Published
2021-12-21