Effect of Kangaroo Mother Care on the Likelihood of Breastfeeding from Birth up to 6 Months of Age: A Meta-analysis
Background. One of the World Health Organization (WHO) nutrition target by 2025 is 50% exclusive breastfeeding rate among infants until age 6 months. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) known to increase breastfeeding rates, especially in preterm and low birth weight (LBW) infants.
Objectives. This study determined the effect of KMC to the rate of exclusive breastfeeding among preterm and LBW infants at 6 months of age.
Methods. Conducted searches in MEDLINE and CENTRAL databases, likewise hand searched local publications December 1996 until June 2018. Included several randomized controlled trials and prospective observational studies comparing KMC and conventional care among preterm and LBW infants. The primary outcome was exclusive breastfeeding of infants at six months of age. Two authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data the statistical analysis applied using Review Manager version 5.3.
Results. Identified nine eligible trials involving 1,202 neonates. All studies had low-to-moderate risk of bias. KMC significantly noted to increase the likelihood of exclusive breastfeeding by 1.9 times at birth up to 6 months (OR 1.93 [1.18,3.17], p=0.009).
Conclusion. KMC can increase exclusive breastfeeding among preterm and LBW infants from birth up to 6 months of age.