The Clinical Profile, Wound Dressings, and Clinical Outcomes of In-patients with Pressure Ulcers at a Tertiary Hospital in the Philippines: A Seven-year Retrospective Study
Objectives. Currently, there are no local studies examining wound dressing usage among pressure ulcers in Filipino patients. The study aims to provide preliminary Philippine data among in-patients with pressure ulcers: their demographic characteristics, wound characteristics, wound dressing usage, and associated outcomes per wound dressing.
Methods. A retrospective chart review of patients admitted at the Philippine General Hospital from 2011 to 2017 with a diagnosis of pressure ulcer was conducted.
Results. Eighty-five records were retrieved; 56% were female and 44% male, with a mean age of 47.67 ± 23.03 years. The mean number of ulcers per patient was 1.65 ± 1.37, mostly in Stages 2 and 3, and 90.6% were in the sacral area. Seventy-three (85.9%) had utilized at least one form of the wound dressing, mostly plain gauze (83.5%), usually with silver sulfadiazine or Dakin’s solution. Only a smaller subset used silver-impregnated dressings (10.55%) and hydrocolloid dressings (5.9%). Comparing advanced versus basic dressings for improved wound outcomes, the crude odds ratio was 3.81 (1.62 - 8.99; p-value 0.003), which on stratification accounting for bed turning, became 8.92 (1.66 - 47.97; p-value 0.009) for those bed turned and 3.05 (1.01-9.20; p-value 0.075) for those not bed turned.
Conclusion. Filipino in-patients with pressure ulcers were similar to those in the literature in terms of the mean number of ulcers and site of involvement. Basic gauze dressings, combined with topical agents, constitute the majority of wound dressing practice. Use of an advanced wound dressing showed a trend favoring improved outcomes, enhanced by pressure redistribution through bed repositioning.