Total Hip Arthroplasty in Octogenarians: A Local Retrospective Case Series
With improving healthcare, the number of Filipino octogenarians is increasing. Projected population of octogenarians as reported by the Philippine National Statistics Office will increase by 28% to 3,227,253 by year 2040 (from 2015: 912,817). This is a multicenter retrospective case series involving 24 patients (1 patient with surgery on 2 hips), with an average age at the time of surgery of 82 years old (range: 80-88 years old) who underwent total hip arthroplasty during the period 2007-2016. Indications for total hip arthroplasty included 12 cases of degenerative osteoarthritis, 8 cases of displaced femoral neck fractures, 4 cases of untreated femoral neck fractures, and 1 case of subtrochanteric fracture with hip arthritis. Of the 24 patients, 21 were females and 3 were males. Of the 25 hips, 19 were treated with cemented total hip, 5 with hybrid implants, and 1 with calcar replacing cemented femoral stem. Average follow-up was 36 months (range: 6-87 months). All patients were able to ambulate and return to premorbid function. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications encountered. Revision rate was zero percent as of last follow-up. Clinical/functional results were assessed using the Harris Hip Scoring system. The results of this study affirm that primary total hip arthroplasty is a viable treatment option for active octogenarians with end-stage arthritis and hip fractures.