Complete Dental Management of an Autism and Intellectual Disability Patient under General Anaesthesia: A Case Report

  • Karin Nadia Firsty Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Nailur Rahmy Wahdany Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Dian Lupita Sari Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Yesri Sasmita Purba Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Tania Saskianti Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Andra Rizqiawan Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Keywords: autism, dental treatment, general anaesthesia, intellectual disability

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and the presence of restricted interests and repetitive behaviours. Comorbidities following ASD, such as seizure, intellectual disability, and sensory impairment worsen patients’ ability to care for themselves. We present the case of a 22-year-old man with autism, intellectual disability and visual impairment who had recurrent pain in his upper and lower left posterior teeth that had cavities. On the first visit, the patient was observed and had panoramic x-ray. Clinical examination could not be done properly due to lack of patient cooperation. Restoration, pulp capping, tooth extraction, and odontectomy were planned under general anaesthesia.

Published
2021-11-24