Lepromatous Leprosy and Human Immunodeficiency Virus: A Rare Co-infection

  • Marie Len A. Camaclang
  • Eileen Liesl A. Cubillan
Keywords: leprosy, lepromatous leprosy, human immunodeficiency virus, coinfection, verrucous

Abstract

We report a 23-year-old male with lepromatous leprosy atypically presenting with 5-year history of asymptomatic, verrucous papules, and nodules. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing was positive with depressed CD4 count. In HIV/leprosy co-infection, most of the documented patients were diagnosed with paucibacillary leprosy as immune reconstitution disease (IRD) from treatment-induced immunological recovery. Rarely, multibacillary lepromatous leprosy is encountered in the setting of untreated, severe immunodeficiency. Atypical clinical presentation warrants investigation for concurrent HIV infection.

Published
2019-04-30

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