Relationship Between HIV/AIDS and Periodontal Health Status among Population at High Risk of HIV/AIDS

  • Titiek Berniyanti
  • R. Darmawan Setijanto
  • Ninuk Hariani
  • Sarah Fitria Romadhoni
Keywords: HIV, Periodontitis, Sexual and Gender Minorities

Abstract

Background. In 2017, there were sixty people who identified themselves as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender/ transsexual (LGBT) people in Sememi Public Health Center, and seven of them were known to be people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). People who are at high risk for HIV infection, especially the LGBT people and Female Sex Workers, are at even greater risk of developing a number of severe periodontal diseases. Periodontal problems, such as periodontitis, in HIV patients, are more severe and occur more frequently than uninfected patients. However, data on dental visit in Sememi Public Health Center as the primary health center in Sememi district is still limited, and there is still no data regarding periodontal health status among HIV patients.


Objective. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between HIV/AIDS and periodontal health status among the population who are at high risk of HIV/AIDS in Sememi Public Health Center area.


Method. This study was conducted with a cross-sectional design. The sample size was determined using a total sampling technique and came up with 30 participants.


Conclusion. Population with a high risk of HIV/AIDS in Sememi Health Center area in Surabaya City has poor periodontal status, due to a large number of bleeding on probing (BOP), periodontal pocket depth, and loss of attachment (LOA). There is no significant difference between BOP results and pocket depth between the HIV and non-HIV groups. But a significant difference was found between LOA in the HIV and non-HIV groups. On the contrary, we found that there is no significant relationship between HIV/AIDS and xerostomia in this study.

Published
2019-10-10