Angelman Syndrome in a Filipino Child

  • Roan Eireen L. Buenaventura Department of Pediatrics, Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines Manila
  • Ebner Bon G. Maceda Department of Pediatrics, Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines Manila
  • Leniza De Castro-Hamoy Department of Pediatrics, Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines Manila
Keywords: Angelman syndrome, 15q11 deletion, developmental delay

Abstract

Angelman syndrome (AS) is a distinct condition that presents with severe developmental delay. This condition also presents with speech impairment, ataxia/tremor, and inappropriate laughter. Some other features in most patients include microcephaly, seizures, tongue protrusion, wide mouth, and hypopigmentation.

This case aims to emphasize the value of diagnosis in a patient with developmental delay. The diagnosis allows anticipation of the development of other possible problems and guides appropriate management. This report also aims to increase awareness regarding the condition.

Here we present a 71-month-old Filipino male with developmental delay at six months, seizures at 10 months with a note of an overall happy demeanor and frequent inappropriate bouts of laughter at one year old. The patient also presented with severe stunting, microcephaly, wide mouth and ataxic gait. Through pattern recognition and the updated consensus of its diagnostic criteria, and confirmation via fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), which revealed a deletion in chromosome 15q11, the diagnosis of AS was made.

This case re-emphasizes the role of clinical recognition of this condition and its confirmation via cytogenetic techniques like FISH, which will aid appropriate management and counseling for the patient and their families.

Published
2021-10-25
Section
Articles