Gummy Smile Treatment by Aesthetic Crown Lengthening on Altered Passive Eruption Case

  • Noer Ulfah Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • I Komang Evan Wijaksana Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6209-4530
Keywords: crown lengthening, gingivectomy, gummy smile

Abstract

An attractive smile enhances the appearance and acceptance of an individual in society. Gum exposure more than 3 mm is generally considered unattractive and known as a gummy smile, which is usually considered an aesthetic problem. At present, patients have a greater desire for more aesthetic results that may influence the planning of dental treatments. This case report aimed to describe the surgical sequence of aesthetic crown lengthening to improve smile profile and eliminate gummy smile. We reported a 21-year-old non-smoking woman with no pertinent medical history who presented with a chief complaint of an unattractive smile due to excessive gingival display. The gingival display in the smile was 5 mm, and the width to height ratio of the central incisor was 121%. Neither periodontal problems nor teeth mobility was detected. Assessment for the condition was excessive gingival display due to altered passive eruption. The overall prognosis for this case was good. The primary treatment plan proposed to the patient was an aesthetic crown lengthening. Altered passive eruption class I subtype A was a case conclusion, and aesthetic crown lengthening with gingivectomy without osseous reduction was the selected treatment. In conclusion, aesthetic crown lengthening should be considered as a surgical component of aesthetic therapy to improve smile profile and eliminate gummy smile.

Published
2021-11-24